No matter what the specific discipline, the best scientific research strives to be quantitative. Throughout research and practice in science, engineering, and medicine, measuring the focus of investigation is an implicit essential principle. In cell biology, this crucial application is cell counting.
How are cell counts calculated?
In all cell counting methods, three general steps occur.
2) Cell-by-cell enumeration of the sample
3) A mathematical conversion from the sample count to the count for the total population of cells under investigation
How is a Hemocytometer used to count cells?
The hemocytometer allows the investigator to put cell samples into a known microscopic volume and then enumerate the contained cells one-by-one with a microscope. The appropriate conversion factor is then used to convert the sample cell count into the total number of cells.
What is an automated cell counter?
Using a variety of different types of mechanisms, automated cell counters perform the cell-by-cell enumeration of the sample. Cell-by-cell enumeration is the labor-intensive part of manual hemocytometer cell counting.
What is a viable cell count? / What is cell viability?
A viable cell count is one that includes only viable cells. A viable cell is one that is alive at the time of the count.
What is a cell counter machine?
An automated cell counter, sometimes referred to as an electronic cell counter, too. These include the Coulter counter that counts cells by their displacement of an electrolyte solution, counters that microscopically image and count cells on slides, and flow cytometry instruments that are able to measure the count volume of enumerated cells.
What is the importance of cell counting?
Cell counting is crucial for all cell and cell-related research, including molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetics. Throughout life sciences research, all investigations with cells compare results on the basis of how many cells are present in analyses. Cell kinetics, which is a fundamental discipline in cell biology for the investigation of normal tissue cell biology and diseases like cancer, requires cell counting to study differences in cell proliferation, cell development, and cell aging.
How do you calculate cell viability?
Reactive dyes are used to distinguish dead cells from live cells. Examples are trypan blue or propidium iodine, which stain dead cells but not live cells. For these two dyes: viability = (total cells – dye positive cells)/total cells = dye negative cells/total cells.
What is a nucleated cell count?
The DNA genomic material is contained within a large sphere-shaped structure inside of cells called the nucleus. The nucleus of different cell types can vary in volume from taking up a small portion of the cell to nearly filling the cell completely. The nucleated count is the count of all cells containing a nucleus.
What cells are not nucleated?
Red blood cells do not have a nucleus, and the nucleus of dead cells can disintegrate rapidly.
What is total nucleated cell count?
The total count of cells containing a nucleus, i.e., “nucleated” cells.
How does a Hemocytometer help perform a blood cell count?
Because cells evaluated with a hemocytometer are counted by visual inspection with a phase contrast microscope, live, dead, nucleated, and unnucleated cells can be enumerated simultaneously.
What is the volume of a Hemocytometer?
The unit counter volume of a hemocytometer is 1 x 10exp-4 milliliter.