Stem cell products have three main categories: isolated or manufactured stem cells for research and medical therapies; reagents for stem cell research and manufacturing; instruments for stem cell research and clinical production. Stem cell services, which might also be included for consideration, follow similar use and application themes.
What type of stem cell is the most useful and why?
Blood stem cells called hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) must top the list for current utility. They are the first and longest running stem cell type validated and approved for stem cell therapy, with their first usage in 1957 followed by over a million treatments documented. Complementing this rich history of success, they are one of the most targeted stem cell types for continued research investigations.
What are the risks of using stem cells?
So far, the risks that have emerged for stem cell therapy are not attributable to the stem cells per se, but to other aspects of the treatments. For example, like other treatments that involve injections into the body, stem cell treatments have a low risk of infection. One well known and potentially life-threatening risk for HSCs treatments is graft versus host disease (GVHD), which is caused by donor immune cells.
What stem cell therapies are FDA approved?
Only one: hematopoietic stem cell transplant with stem cells from bone marrow, umbilical cord blood, or growth factor-mobilized peripheral blood. These treatments are limited to conditions in which the patient has experienced a failure or loss of their own blood-forming stem cells.
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